Photo: Dick Ruswick

VanRiper and Whitlock

VanRiper Conservation Area and Whitlock Nature Preserve together play an important role in protecting and providing public access to natural, undeveloped shoreline—a rarity in the Finger Lakes region.

On the west side of Cayuga Lake, in the town of Romulus, lie these magnificent natural areas that together comprise approximately 1,900 feet of peaceful lakeshore, woods, and gullies.  A parking area on Route 89 connects to a footpath providing easy access to the lake, especially nice for people wanting to launch a canoe or kayak.  A lovely trail through the woods provides an opportunity for an easy loop hike.  Stand along the water’s edge at this wide part of Cayuga Lake, and you are likely to see interesting water birds, boats, and the quaint hamlet of Aurora on the far shore.

Natural History

Natural shoreline is the hallmark of these two preserves.  The narrow beach is made up of rounded stones, shaped by years of tumbling in the waves.  This cobble beach hosts a variety of shrubs, which are overtopped by tall, intact forest all along the lakeshore, together providing fantastic habitat for a variety of birds.  Along the shore one will find large cottonwoods and may enjoy the presence of spotted sandpipers, Canada geese, brants, common loons, buffleheads, hooded mergansers, mallards, and other seasonally gathering waterfowl.  Visitors may also witness an occasional Bald Eagle roosting in the tall trees along the lake.  Clam and zebra mussel shells are also easy to find–remember to watch out for sharp edges!  A shallow rock shelf extends from the shore, creating an attractive feeding area for migrating waterfowl.

Further back from the lake, on both sides of Rt. 89, there are a diverse array of environments to discover, mature hemlock, beech, maple, and oak forest to young forest now covering past agricultural land to upland meadows and planted stands of spruce and pine.  Hikers along the Blue Trail will marvel at the magnificent tall white oak, estimated to be some 250 years old, and also at the enormous grape vine, huge basswood tree, and cluster of large old sassafras trees nearby.  Throughout the preserves, observers will find a diverse mix of hemlock, oak, basswood, black walnut, shagbark hickory, bitternut hickory, white pine and other trees, as well as flowers such as trillium, violets, wild geranium, jack-in-the-pulpit, and mayapple.  In areas of younger, successional woods, apple, hophornbeam, and ironwood trees serve as reminders of the land’s agricultural history.  Red cedar, white pine, tulip and dogwood appear here and there within younger woods, rising above tangled masses of non-native invasive shrubs that include multi-flora rose, bush honeysuckle, common buckthorn, and common privet.  The portion of the VanRiper Conservation Area north of North Cayuga Lake Road and west of Rt. 89 is cut by a beautiful deep gorge, characteristic of the many short but dramatic Finger Lakes tributary streams – this area also boasting some very large and impressive trees.

History

It is doubtful that when Louisa Whitlock’s grandfather moved to a farm in Ovid from New York City, he would have imagined that four generations of his family would continue to enjoy the land he purchased.  Both Louisa and her mother were born on the farm.  In the 1950’s and 60’s, the Whitlock family spent summers in Ovid, and in 1966, the family purchased lakefront property.  To help preserve the memories of her childhood and protect the forest she became familiar with, Mrs. Whitlock donated 13 acres to the Finger Lakes Land Trust in 1998, keeping one acre for her family, and since then the Whitlock Nature Preserve has provided public access to a natural lands along the lake.

In February 2011, the 68-acre VanRiper Conservation Area, adjacent to the Whitlock Nature Preserve on the north side, was established when the Land Trust acquired the land at a discounted price from Barry VanRiper and Sharon Moran.  This new addition nearly quadrupled the amount of protected, natural shoreline, and provides a fantastic mix of wildlife habitats, including cobble lakeshore, mature forest, successional forest, small streams, and a rugged gorge.  Volunteers immediately pitched in to help clean up old dumps in the ravines, pull an old boat hoist out of the lake, blaze a new trail, build a kiosk, and make other improvements for the public.

Directions

From the South: The preserves are approximately 23 miles north of Ithaca; 2.6 miles north of County Rt. 138; and 2 miles north of the Thirsty Owl winery. The parking area on the right side of Rt. 89.
From the North: The preserves are approximately 15 miles south of Seneca Falls; ½ mile south of Swick Road; and 800 feet south of North Cayuga Lake Road. The parking area is on the left side of Rt. 89.